MPOSMI provides nationally recognized expertise in joint replacement and revision surgery for knees, hips, shoulders, elbows, hands, ankles and feet.
Our dedicated joint replacement specialists use cutting-edge therapies and treatment options to speed patient recovery times and reduce pain. We perform a high volume of surgical joint replacement procedures each year. This extensive experience enables specialists at MPOSMI to excel at effectively treating arthritis and joint pain—from the most common cases to the most complex procedures.
MPOSMI Sports Medicine: A Multidisciplinary Approach
Sports Injury and Treatment
The Seven Most Common Sports Injuries
- Ankle sprain
- Groin pull
- Hamstring sprain
- Shin splints
- Knee injury: ACL tear
- Knee injury: Patellofemoral syndrome
- Tennis elbow
To see how to prevent and treat these common sports injuries — and to learn when it's time to look further than your medicine cabinet to treat sports injuries— read on.
Care of the Athlete
MPOSMI Sports Physicians possess special proficiency in the prevention and care of musculoskeletal injuries and medical conditions encountered in sports. Our Sports Physicians integrate medical expertise with medical consultants, certified and/or licensed athletic trainers, and other allied health care professionals. The MPOSMI Sports Physician is ultimately responsible for the clearance to participate and the return-to-play decision.
Our Physicians also educate athletes about their injuries, treatment plans, and the risks associated with returning to play. Informed consent must be received from the athlete before initiating any treatment plan. MPOSMI Orthopaedic surgeons are comfortable at consulting different specialist when necessary; for example, a consultation with a neurologist for a severe concussion or a cardiologist for evaluation of a potentially dangerous arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy may be needed.
Our State Licensed & Nationally Certified Athletic Trainer’s and Physiologists are committed to providing excellent quality care for recreational, youth, high school, college, club, professional and “industrial” athletes. We utilize the sports medicine team approach in the treatment of orthopedic injuries which returns our patients back to work, play and life more quickly than the general types of rehabilitation.
Our Sports Injury Rehabilitation program meets the individual needs of injured athletes and participants in leisure sports activities of all ages who seek treatment methods similar to those used by collegiate and professional athletes. Working as a team, our Athletic Trainers and Physiologists provide care that is unsurpassed and unique to each individual patient. Our team approach includes close communication with physicians, athletic trainers, coaches, employers and administrators on the progress of each individual.
MPOSMI's Sports Injury Rehabilitation Program will benefit those with:
- Post-Operative Injuries - ACL Reconstruction, Meniscus tears, Rotator Cuff Repair
- Acute and Chronic Musculoskeletal Injuries
- Sprains and Strains
- Tedonitis and Bursitis
The goal of MPOSMI Sports Injury Rehabilitation Program is to treat, rehabilitate, recondition and return the physically active population to their prior activity level. We emphasizes the importance of early injury recognition and treatment assuring quick and safe return to activities in order to prevent recurring injuries.
Medical Issues in the Athlete
Not all medical issues affecting athletes are related to their bones and joints. At MPOSMI, our Primary Care Sports Medicine Specialists are experienced in treating many of the most common medical issues affecting athletes of all ages, including:
- Heart Problems
- Runner's Stitch
- Exercise Associated Muscle Cramps
- Heat Stroke
- Overtraining Syndrome
Surgical Techniques in Sports Medicine
MPOSMI's board-certified Orthopaedic Sports Medicine surgeons are experts at diagnosing and treating sports-related injuries, including ligament sprains, muscle/tendon strains, fractures, cartilage injuries, labral tears and many other related conditions. Our skilled physicians fully understand the physical demands athletic endeavors place on the body’s musculoskeletal system and develop ideal treatment plans that best return injured athletes to their active lifestyles.
At MPOSMI, we care for patients using advanced arthroscopic and minimally invasive surgical techniques. While striving to perform the most conservative surgical approach first, our surgeons also have pioneered innovative options not always available at other medical centers.
Surgery is only one part of the equation in helping athletes return to their playing field or venue of choice. Our Sports Medicine surgeons collaborate with multiple related disciplines, including Physical and Occupational Therapy to ensure professional athletes as well as weekend warriors regain full function, strength and flexibility.
Our Orthopaedic Sports Medicine team uses advanced techniques to treat all sports injuries and conditions including:
- Knee Injuries
- ACL Tears
- Meniscus Tears
- Cartilage Injuries
- Patellar Dislocation
- Shoulder Injuries and Labral Tears
- Rotator Cuff Disorders
- Hip Injuries and Labral Tears
Minimally invasive surgical solutions include:
- ACL Reconstruction
- Knee Meniscus Surgery
- Rotator Cuff Repair
- Shoulder Labral Repair
- Hip Labral Repair and Treatment of Impingement
General Sports Trauma
The majority of sports injuries are a result of minor trauma to muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons. These injuries are often recognized by the onset of immediate localized swelling, pain, and/or discoloration. The three most common injuries are contusions (bruises), sprains, and strains.
What are sprains and strains?
A sprain is an injury to a ligament--a stretching or a tearing. One or more ligaments can be injured during a sprain. The severity of the injury will depend on the extent of injury to a single ligament (whether the tear is partial or complete) and the number of ligaments involved. The most frequently sprained ligaments are in the ankles, knees and wrists. A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon generally caused by overuse, force, or stretching. Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain may be a simple overstretch of the muscle or tendon, or it can result in a partial or complete tear.
A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon generally caused by overuse, force, or stretching. Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain may be a simple overstretch of the muscle or tendon, or it can result in a partial or complete tear.
Two common sites for a strain are the lower back and the hamstring muscles (located in the back of the thigh/knee). Contact sports such as soccer, football, hockey, boxing, and wrestling put people at a higher risk for strains. Strains are also common overuse injuries seen in long distance running, swimming and other endurance sports. Gymnastics, tennis, rowing, golf, and other sports that require extensive gripping can increase the risk of hand and forearm strains. Elbow strains sometimes occur in people who participate in racquet sports, throwing, and contact sports.
Sprains or strains are uncommon in younger children because their growth plates (areas of bone growth located in the ends of long bones) are weaker than the muscles or tendons. Instead, children are prone to fractures.
How do I treat a sprain or strain?
To speed up recovery, think P.R.I.C.E (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation):
- Protection - You may be splinted, taped or braced to prevent further injury.
- Rest - from all activities that cause pain or limping. Use crutches/cane until you can walk without pain and limping.
- Ice - Ice the affected area for 15-20 minutes, 3-5 times/day for the first 24-72 hours to reduce swelling. Leave ice off at least 1 ½ hours between applications.
- Compression - Wrap affected area starting with the area FARTHEST from the heart, using even pressure. Wear until swelling decreases, loosen if there is any coolness or discoloration of extremity.
- Elevation - the ankle above heart-level to decrease swelling.
How do I know if I need to see a doctor?
See a doctor if:
- You have severe pain and cannot put any weight on the injured joint.
- The area over the injured joint or next to it is very tender when you touch it.
- The injured area looks crooked or has lumps and bumps (other than swelling) that you do not see on the uninjured joint.
- You cannot move the injured joint.
- You cannot walk more than four steps without significant pain.
- Your limb buckles or gives way when you try to use the joint.
- You have numbness in any part of the injured area.
- You see redness or red streaks spreading out from the injury.
- You injure an area that has been injured several times before.
- You have pain, swelling, or redness over a bony part of your foot.
- You are in doubt about the seriousness of the injury or how to care for it
Some athletes seek help from a sport psychologist or other exercise and sport psychology professional when they have a problem.
They might become anxious or lose focus during competition, for example. They might have trouble communicating with teammates, controlling their temper or even just motivating themselves to exercise. Or they might choke at key moments during a game.
But athletes don't just consult sports psychologists when they're having difficulties. Sport psychologists can also help athletes:
- Enhance performance. Various mental strategies, such as visualization, self-talk and relaxation techniques, can help athletes overcome obstacles and achieve their full potential.
- Cope with the pressures of competition. Sport psychologists can help athletes at all levels deal with pressure from parents, coaches or even their own expectations.
- Recover from injuries. After an injury, athletes may need help tolerating pain, adhering to their physical therapy regimens or adjusting to being sidelined.
- Keep up an exercise program. Even those who want to exercise regularly may find themselves unable to fulfill their goal. Sport psychologists can help these individuals increase their motivation and tackle any related concerns.
- Enjoy sports. Sports organizations for young people may hire a sport psychologist to educate coaches about how to help kids enjoy sports and how to promote healthy self-esteem in participants.
Sports psychology can even help people off the playing field. The same strategies that sport psychologists teach athletes — relaxation techniques, mental rehearsals and cognitive restructuring, for example — are also useful in the workplace and other settings.
For more information about Monterey Peninsula Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine Institute, please click on the links below: